Starday COUNTRY MUSIC HALL OF FAME

Wednesday, January 28, 2015


Issued by Starday in 1961, this 2 LP, 36 track collection provides a fantastic representation of the "golden years" of minor label country music. When this LP came out, Starday was Nashville's biggest independent label, and was concentrating on issuing music that was being neglected by the majors, namely, traditional country, western swing, bluegrass, etc. "The Country Music Hall Of Fame" typifies many of the qualities that make old Starday LPs special with great music, cover art, and of course, notes by label boss Don Pierce as follows:


This is an historical and unprecedented collection of Country Music Americana.

The year 1961 saw the creation of a Country Music Hall of Fame by the Country Music Association, which is an organization dedicated to the preservation and promotion of American country music. In addition, by Act of Congress, the 1st week in November Of 1961 was proclaimed National Country Music Week.

During National Country Music Week, there is held in Nashville, Tennessee, a Country Music Festival which celebrates the anniversary of the World Famous Grand Ole Opry, which has been broadcast from Radio WSM in Nashville for 23 consecutive years. At the Festival are gathered hundreds of country music disc jockies and their wives who make the journey to Nashville each year for the Festival, as well as countless artists, song writers, and other people who are active in country music.

Starday felt that it was appropriate to commemorate National Country Music Week, the Country Music Festival, and the newly formed Country Music Hall of Fame by issuing this outstanding and precedent setting album. Contractual limitations normally make an album of this kind impossible to produce. However, with the cooperation of several other record manufacturers, Starday was able to assemble this imposing array of country music hit recordings.

The artists, the songs, and in many cases the songwriters, are so famous and well-known that it would serve no useful purpose for us to attempt to describe the contents of this album. The list of contents, plus of course, the music in the grooves, will carry the message very eloquently, we are sure.

To qualify for this album, Starday used only original vault masters. Either the artist, the song, or the songwriter has achieved true and lasting stature in the country music field.

Country music fans and collectors will treasure this album and they will be interested to know that the picture on the cover is a night photo of the Capitol of the State of Tennessee which is located in Nashville, the home of the Grand Ole Opry.

We think this picture is truly symbolic because of the ever popular country music instruments shown, plus the night lights on the Capitol of Nashville, which seem to reflect the wonderful image of all that is good about our beloved country music. The picture seems to stress that altho some of the biggest stars have passed on to another world, their songs and recordings will live on in the hearts of the people.

This album gives expression to joys, hopes, fears and troubles, of the people as expressed in song by perhaps the greatest assemblage of country music artists ever combined in one album. It is the sincere hope of Starday Records, a label dedicated exclusively to country and gospel music, that this package will constitute a milestone in the history of American country music and will bring enjoyment to country music enthusiasts throughout the world.

Country musically,

DON PIERCE, President
STARDAY RECORDS


Pierce makes mention of the "cooperation of several other record manufacturers" which would appear to be King, 4 Star, and Mercury. Although first issued in 1961, this is clearly a later "Stereo" pressing and while many of the tracks are really mono, there are some rare Stereo mixes of Starday Studios material.

Tracks:

1. Cowboy Copas-Hillbilly Heaven *
2. The Delmore Brothers-Blues Stay Away From Me
3. Lew Childre-Southern Hospitality
4. Webb Pierce-New Panhandle Rag
5. The Willis Brothers-Blood On The Saddle
6. Benny Martin-You Are The One *
7. Rose Maddox-Philadelphia Lawyer
8. Roy Drusky-Mumbling To Myself
9. Justin Tubb-One For You - One For Me *
10. Lonzo & Oscar-Country Music Time
11. T. Texas Tyler-Remember Me
12. James O'Gwynn-Muleskinner Blues
13. Lester Flatt & Earl Scruggs-My Cabin In Caroline
14. Cowboy Copas-New Filipino Baby *
15. Johnny Bond-High Noon
16. The Shelton Brothers-Johnson's Old Grey Mule
17. Moon Mullican-Ragged But Right *
18. Buddy Starcher-The Original Wildwood Flower
19. Frankie Miller-Blackland Farmer
20. Red Sovine-Little Rosa *
21. Bill Clifton-Little White Washed Chimney
22. Buck Owens-Down On The Corner Of Love
23. The Sunshine Boys-Goodnight Irene; Beautiful Brown Eyes *
24. Grandpa Jones-Mountain Dew
25. Moon Mullican-Wabash Cannonball *
26. Ferlin Husky-Crying Heart Blues
27. Carl Story-Family Reunion
28. Hank Locklin-Let Me Be The One
29. The Rainbow Ranch Boys-Orange Blossom Fiddle
30. The Stanley Brothers-Little Maggie
31. Wayne Raney-Why Don't You Haul Off And Love Me
32. The Lonesome Pine Fiddlers-Lonesome Pine
33. George Jones-Seasons Of My Heart
34. Harry Choates-The Original Jole Blon
35. Leon Payne-Two By Four (Impersonation of Red Foley and Kitty Wells)
36. Archie Campbell-Sergeant York *

* Starday Studios track in true stereo mix.

Includes jacket and label scans.

*download here*



YORK BROTHERS King Records Singles 1947-1954

Saturday, January 3, 2015


In 1947 George and Leslie York, after eight years of recordings cut for labels both big (Decca) and small (Universal, Mellow, Bullet), signed on with Syd Nathan's King label. This "homebrew" collection gathers eighteen of the single sides released on the Cincinnati imprint over the next seven years, tracks that perfectly exemplify some of the best traits of King's Hillbilly releases of the era.
George and Leslie York were born in Louisa, Kentucky in 1910 and 1917, respectively. They played music around home as youngsters, and by 1936 were playing together professionally. They spent the early and prime years of their careers in various cities across the south and midwest, most notably Detroit where they made their first recordings. Here they made a name for themselves playing rowdy songs with local references such as "Detroit Hula Girl", "Highland Park Girl", "Motor City Boogie", and most famously, "Hamtramck Mama". At King they would make their best records yet technically, and gradually update their sound in much the same manner as their label mates, the Delmore Brothers.
The titles here represent both sides of  nine single discs, both 78 and 45rpm, including some of the rarer sides never before reissued in the digital era. The tracks were mastered from first generation digital transfers of the original records, and despite the notorious mediocrity of King 78 pressings, even the earlier recordings here have great punch and presence.
From the late fifties onward, the Yorks recorded and performed sporadically and Les sometimes worked as a solo act, in addition to both brothers' career activity outside of music. George passed away in 1974, Les ten years later. In their day, they made fine, distinctive mid century Country music that has resonated with successive generations of listeners and continues to do so to this very day.

Other collections featuring the great recordings of the York Brothers, including early recordings and other King tracks, can be downloaded here, here, and here.

Includes cover art with issue numbers and recording dates.

Tracks:

1. Let's Don't Sleep Again
2. They Laid My Darling Away
3. Sweet Anita
4. It Ain't No Good
5. Kill Her With Kindness
6. Road Of Sadness
7. Love Sweet Love
8. When You Want A Little Lovin'
9. You're My Every Dream Come True
10. Why Don't You Open The Door
11. Kentucky
12. Tight Wad
13. I Get The Blues In The Springtime
14. Mister Midnight
15. Deep Within My Heart
16. I'll Leave The Door Open
17. Hurts Me To My Heart
18. Two Loves In One Night

*download here*

LINKS TO ALL CHRISTMAS POSTS

Tuesday, December 23, 2014


Merry Christmas and Happy New Year to all followers of the Scratchy Attic. I thought a post containing a central list of links to all Christmas albums previously posted would be handy, so here it is. All the links are live, so enjoy the many seasonal favourites that have been featured on Scratchy Attic!


Just click on any of the titles linked below and the post will open.


MERRY CHRISTMAS BABY

 

WILF CARTER Christmas In Canada

 

CHRISTMAS JAMBOREE on Starday - King

 

STOMPIN' TOM Merry Christmas Everybody

 

Christmas With EDDY ARNOLD

 

Christmas Day With KITTY WELLS

 

Christmas With HANK SNOW

 

JIM REEVES 12 Songs Of Christmas

 

HOMER & JEHTRO Cool Crazy Christmas

 

Christmas With MAHALIA JACKSON

 

MERRY CAJUN CHRISTMAS

 

HANK THOMPSON It's Christmas Time

 

Christmas With DON MESSER

DELBERT BARKER on Solitaire Manhattan

Sunday, December 7, 2014


A good friend recently passed this interesting little record from 1956 my way and I thought the followers of the Scratchy Attic might enjoy it. I have been collecting 10" LPs on the Solitaire Manhattan label for many years, mostly period pop fare. The label was the product of a Toronto company that also produced many 78rpm EPs for the budget market, manufacturing the cheapest records sold in Canada pressed on material that by its sound and appearance, might well have been ground up bowling balls! Most, if not all, of said 78 EPs featuring country material were sourced from Rite Record Productions of Cincinnati, Ohio, as is this LP. It is the first Country collection I have seen on the Solitaire Manhattan label, although I discovered at least one other title, "Songs Of The West", Solitaire Manhattan SRO-110, at rateyourmusic.com.
The album credits "The Cameo Westerners" as the artist (as does SRO-110), however, of the eight tracks, five feature the fantastic honky-tonk voice of Delbert Barker, one is by Glen & Vivian Watson (a track that has at times been credited, I believe incorrectly, to Delbert Barker) and two tracks on which the artist is unknown, at least to me. I can find no listings online for a Rite/Gateway etc. release of the George Jones tune "What Am I Worth", and the version of "Heartbreak Hotel" on this LP is NOT the version by Delbert Barker also in the Rite catalogue. When I first saw the LP I thought perhaps these two tracks were George Jones Starday masters farmed out on the sly (not unheard of) but they both turned out to be sung by a an unidentified female vocalist, and are distinctly Rite productions. Of course, if anyone has any discographal information on theses tracks, please feel free to leave a comment.

Thanks to Stephen of Cedar Island for passing this wonderful little disc along!

A great site with a history and discography of Rite Record Productions is here.

Please note that Solitaire Manhattan LPs were pressed on very poor material of a grade generally used on low-end 78s, and are therefore very noisy. However, I felt this material is rare enough to overcome the shortcomings in sound. The reproduction here is more like what you might expect from a cheaper 78 from the era.

Includes jacket and label scans.

Tracks:

1. Delbert Barker With The Gateway All-Stars-Why, Baby, Why
2. The Cameo Westerners-Heartbreak Hotel
3. Delbert Barker With The Gateway All-Stars-Love, Love, Love
4. Delbert Barker With The Gateway All-Stars-Eat, Drink And Be Merry
5. Glen & Vivian Watson With The Country All Stars-I Don't Believe You've Met My Baby
6. Delbert Barker-You're Free To Go
7. Delbert Barker With The Country All Stars-So Doggone Lonesome
8. The Cameo Westerners-What Am I Worth

*download here*


EDDY ARNOLD Emergency March Of Dimes

Sunday, September 14, 2014


In late summer of 1954 a polio epidemic spread across North America and beyond, a repeat of 1949 and 1950 epidemics that tended to occur in the summer months and dissipate in the cooler weather after harvest season. All three epidemics greatly depleted the funds of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, prompting NFIP president Basil O'Connor on each occasion to call an "Emergency March of Dimes", an effort above and beyond its scheduled fundraising drives. There was, however, a crucial difference between the 1954 emergency drive and the two previous; tests were underway of virologist Jonas Salk's vaccine that in the coming years would nearly eradicate the disease.
The 1954 Emergency March of Dimes ran from the 16th to the 31st of August, and as in previous campaigns, made use of celebrity endorsements to elicit small donations from a large population of donors (A program from the 1951 campaign featuring Hank Williams can be found here.). The two 15 minute radio programs presented here are from a 16" transcription disc that would have been sent to various radio stations and broadcast as a public service on behalf of the NFIP. The first side features Eddy Arnold in the era's typical live country radio format complete with banter between the star and emcee (here Judd Conlon), cornball comedy and messages on behalf of the sponsor, which in this case are a good deal more serious that those hawking Purina feed or Martha White biscuits. Most likely recorded at WSM studios in Nashville, Eddy sings versions of a few of his then-current recordings backed by a band of Nashville legends consisting of Arnold's signature steel guitarist Roy Wiggins, Jack Shook on chop rhythm guitar (and providing some brief comedy), Ernie Newton on bass, and the great Hank Garland on lead guitar who fortunately is featured on a solo performance of "When You And I Were Young Maggie."
The second program presents the music of Rosemary Clooney, and unlike the Arnold side, is not a live program but a selection of her popular recordings linked together by some scripted banter with announcer Fred Robbins. While perhaps not as significant a recording as Arnold's live studio set, it's still a neat piece of vintage radio ephemera and will be of interest to Clooney aficionados.
As many who read this are no doubt aware, large 16" transcription discs were the primary method of providing pre-recorded content during radio's "Golden Age". These discs played at 33⅓ rpm but generally had "coarse" grooves like 78 rpm commercial records of the era. Many of these discs were supposed to be destroyed after broadcast and this disc is no exception, "Please Destroy Transcription After Campaign" printed clearly on the bottom band of the label. Thankfully someone either neglected their duty or thought better of breaking this giant slab of a record and we can once again enjoy these performances.
When a friend bestowed a small stack of 16" discs on me, I knew this one was special because of the uncirculated Arnold/Garland performances, but I must confess I found the image on the label a bit jarring. I suppose that was the intention at the time when funds were desperately needed to fight a terrible disease that was on the verge of eradication.

Tracks:

Eddy Arnold

Theme - Cattle Call
Hep Cat Baby
Jack Shook - Comedy
My Everything
March Of Dimes Announcement
When You And I Were Young Maggie (Inst. by Hank Garland)
March Of Dimes Announcement
This Is The Thanks I Get
Theme - Cattle Call


Rosemary Clooney

Theme - It Just Happened To Happen To Me
Hey There
March Of Dimes Announcement
Blues In The Night
March Of Dimes Announcement
Good Intentions
It Just Happened To Happen To Me
March Of Dimes Announcement
Theme - It Just Happened To Happen To Me


*download here*



SCOTTY STONEMAN 1965 & 1967

Saturday, February 15, 2014


Much can and has been said about the frenetic fiddle genius, Scotty Stoneman. I'm convinced that between what has been written and rumoured about Stoneman are some tightly wound strands of fact and fiction. Stories abound of his outrageous character, and if a great deal of us tend to believe these tales (did he really hate pianos so much that as an act of defiance he defecated in one?), perhaps it is because it would be a step towards explaining his outrageous playing.
I won't recount his entire story here, it has been told enough that a simple Google search will do that. A great deal of his current profile is that he was a member of one of Country Music's founding families, Jerry Garcia has called him "the Charlie Parker of the Bluegrass fiddlers", and he died young and tragically of a legendarily reckless lifestyle.
Of course, the main thing that keeps his name coming up over forty years after his death is his unique and virtuosic playing. Much has been said about his improvisatory approach, and his extended solos. What seems to be less often noted is his command of  advanced chord theory, so evident in his double stops. As far out as his playing gets, he never seems to be lost, rhythmically or melodically.
Although Scotty played on a great deal of classic Bluegrass recordings, he really only had one instrumental LP released in his lifetime, and it was on a dimestore label at that. A second LP of live recordings appeared after his death, and these have been the two releases that have carried his radical fiddling to the ears of successive generations.
"Mr. Country Fiddler" was recorded in 1967 at Unity Recording Studio in Washington, D.C. with Country Gentlemen alumni Bill Emerson on banjo, Charlie Waller on guitar, and Tom Gray on bass. It was released on Pickwick's super-budget Design imprint, and was probably recorded to be sold to Pickwick for some ready cash (Emeron and the Country Gentlemen both did the same for the label). As is the nature of recordings under such control, the tracks have been recycled on various collections through the years.
"1965 Live In L.A.!" was first issued on LP in 1978 from tapes of live shows he played with the Kentucky Colonels during his short stint with the band. These performances with the young White Brothers are probably the most spontaneous committed to tape during his lifetime, and despite some imperfections in the source tapes, are still sparklingly exiting to listen to today (as well as giving us a chance to hear his excellent vocals, which are a whole other topic in and of themselves). The version in this download is a hybrid of the LP and CD releases; it contains all selections included on both.

Scotty Stoneman
"Mr. Country Fiddler"

Tracks:

1. Wildwood Flower
2. Low Down Billy
3. Talkin' Fiddlin' Blues
4. Ole Joe Clark
5. Billy Low Ground
6. Orange Blossom Hoedown
7. 8th Of January
8. Fire In The Mountain
9. The Mocking Bird
10. The Cacklin' Hen

*download here*

Scotty Stoneman
"1965 Live In L.A.!"

Tracks:

1. Oklahoma Stomp
2. Once A Day.mp3
3. Eight Of January
4. Any Damn Thing
5. Lee Highway Blues
6. Down Yonder
7. Sally Goodin
8. Goodnight Irene (LP version)
9. A Wound Time Can't Erase
10. Shuckin' The Corn
11. Listen To The Mockingbird
12. Cherokee Waltz
13. Cacklin' Hen
14. Orange Blossom Special
15. Goodnight Irene (CD version)

*download here*


HAWKSHAW HAWKINS and COWBOY COPAS

Monday, February 10, 2014


One of the most common requests I receive from followers of the Scratchy Attic is to post LPs by Hawkshaw Hawkins and Cowboy Copas. Interestingly, people usually request both artists together, as in "Can you post some albums by Hawkshaw Hawkins and Cowboy Copas?" Of course, the only definite association between the two artists, besides having recorded for the King label, is that both perished in the March 5, 1963 plane crash that also claimed the lives of Patsy Cline and manager Randy Hughes, who was also Copas' son-in-law. In response to said requests, I offer this pair of albums.
"A Country & Western Cavalcade" appears on the mysterious Gladwynne label. The albums' jacket and labels contain no address or parent company, and all I know about Gladwynne is that about fifteen releases, mostly pop and jazz, appeared on the label in 1962 (some discographies list this LP as being released in 1959, but I believe that is false). One of the rarer Hawkins LPs, it contains eight of his early King recordings, clearly taken from 78 rpm sources. Whether this release was officially sourced from King Records or not is unknown, but it seems doubtful. Perhaps such illegitimacy accounts for the label's short run and obscurity; these LPs were probably made quickly on the cheap to be sold by hinterland dimestores.
Of a more legitimate nature is the Cowboy Copas LP on Starday's budget Nashville label. Using his 1960 hit "Alabam" as a title track, it features eight of his early 60's Starday recordings along with two instrumental tracks, "Oklahoma Swing" by Tommy Hill's String Band (a Starday Studio band that released an LP, SLP-210 in 1963) and "Texas Quick Step" by Red Hayes and Hank Singer. Padding releases by a name artist with two anonymously credited instrumental tracks was common on early Nashville label LPs.

Hawkshaw Hawkins
"A Country & Western Cavalcade"

Tracks:

1. I'll Never Cry Over You
2. I Ain't Goin' Honky Tonkin' Anymore
3. Everybody's Got A Girl But Me
4. Be My Life's Companion
5. I Can't Tell My Broken Heart A Lie
6. Dog House Boogie
7. A Heartache To Recall
8. I'm Waiting Just For You

*download here*

Cowboy Copas
"Alabam & Other Memorable Hits"

Tracks:

1. Alabam
2. The Beginning And The End
3. A Penny For Your Thoughts
4. Oklahoma Swing (The Oklahoma Plains) (Inst.)
5. Cowboy's Prayer
6. The Rainbow And The Rose
7. Waltzing With Sin
8. Texas Quick Step (Inst.)
9. I Can
10. Legend Of The Robin's Red Breast

*download here*




HANK WILLIAMS Songbook

Tuesday, February 4, 2014


Back in 1991, when CDs had pretty much taken over the market, CBS released a series of "Columbia Country Classics" issues which included five volumes chronicling the evolution of Country Music, plus individual collections by some of the big names in Columbia's catalog (Roy Acuff, Bill Monroe, Ray Price, Marty Robbins, etc.). While most of these issues received wide circulation, the present collection seems to have been lost in the shuffle (I picked up my copy in a discount bin not much more than a year after its release). Perhaps the problem was that people mistook it for a collection of Hank Williams' recordings - it is not, nor is it a crass attempt to market cover versions as originals. "Hank Williams Songbook" is a fascinating collection of twenty recording presented in chronological order; the first fifteen tracks are songs of Hank's recorded by his contemporaries during his lifetime, the last five are covers by other artists made in the seven years after his death.
An outline of the contents is given in the liner notes:


Has anyone so dominated Country music from an early grave as Hank Williams? Even today, he is the benchmark by which success in the field is measured. Seemingly every aspect of his professional and private life has been dissected, like the Russians once dissected Lenin’s brain, trying to analyze the magic stew of ingredients that made him special. If one sidebar to Hank’s career remains murky, it’s his prolificacy as a custom songwriter. This collection goes a great distance toward addressing that shortfall. The first fourteen songs were mostly written by him for other artists while he was alive; the remainder are among the first attempts to reinterpret his legacy after his death.
When Hank came to Nashville in 1946 it was to audition as a songwriter Acuff-Rose Music. His first customer was Molly O’Day. Bern Lois LaVerne Williamson in Pike County, Kentucky, she re-christened herself Molly O’Day in 1942, and sang in the full-throated mountain style. The first Hank Williams song she cut, “When God Comes And Gathers His Jewels,” was one that Hank himself had five days earlier
at his first session. There would be four others, including “On The Evening Train,” the only song on which Hank’s wife, Audrey, is listed as co-composer, and “I Don’t Care If Tomorrow Never Comes,” another song that Hank recorded for Sterling at his second session.
 Hank’s best-known hymn was probably “I Saw The Light.” His version was cut in April 1947, but not released until September the following year. By then, Roy Acuff, one of the partners in Acuff-Rose, had recorded and released it. The song, based on Albert Brumley’s “He Set Me Free,” was as tailor-made for Acuff as it was for Williams. Acuff had been one of Hank’s heroes during the lean years, and it must have represented deep personal gratification when he cut the song.
Curley Williams (no relation to Hank, incidentally) was born in south Georgia; his given name was Doc. He was the seventh child, and, according to family lore, the seventh child would be a doctor; instead, he was a fiddle player. He and Hank shared the stage at the Louisiana Hayride where Hank jump-started his career in 1948. Hank later recorded Curley’s song “Half As Much,” and Curley cut three songs that he and Hank wrote jointly.
Curley rarely took the lead vocals; on “No, Not Now” we hear Hayride stalwart Jack Ford with Curley’s daughter, Georgia Ann. We do hear Curley on “Honey Do You Love Me, Huh?,” though, as well as his regular lead vocalist, Boots Harris, and Georgia Ann. The Peach Pickers’ bass player Joe Gibson took the lead on “When You’re Tired Of Breaking Others Hearts.”
Carl Smith became one of the best-selling country artists of the ‘50s, but in January 1951, when he cut Hank’s “There’s Nothing As Sweet As My Baby,” he had yet to see his first hit. Smith was born in Roy Acuff’s hometown, Maynardsville, Tennessee, and probably met Hank when he was his guest on WSM’s Duck Head Overalls show in 1950. By January 1951, both artists had regular timeslots on WSM as well as the Opry. Hank gave Carl “There’s Nothing As Sweet As My Baby,” which he later contended he wrote for his son, Hank Jr. If so, that may account for its nursery rhyme quality. Smith placed it on the flip side of the record that turned out to be his breakthrough, “Let’s Live A Little.”
Another struggling singer who received Hank Williams’ help at a critical juncture in his career was Ray Price. Raised in Dallas, Price had moved to Nashville to join WSM shortly before Audrey Williams kicked Hank out of the house. Hank moved in with Price for a while, and gave the young singer three of his finest songs, telling him “what you need little buddy is a hit record to get you started.” None of them was that elusive first hit, but, after Williams returned to Shreveport in late ‘52, Price took over his band, the Drifting Cowboys, for a couple of years.
Quite how George Morgan came to record “A Stranger In The Night” is something of a mystery. Morgan wasn’t one of Williams’ favorite acts, although they shared the Opry stage. The song, surely one of the little-known gems in Williams’ catalog, probably devolved to George because the co-writer was George’s brother, Bill Morgan.
Jimmy Dickens was another Opry regular; he and Hank were booking out together on Opry touring packages when Dickens cut “I Wish You Didn’t Love Me So Much.” It was a barbed song laced with Hank’s grim humor that he re-cast as a talking blues under the title “Please Make Up Your Mind” in July 1952. His version appeared under the disguise of Luke the Drifter; Dickens’ version wasn’t released at the time— except, unaccountably, in Canada.
Now we move on to the artists who reinterpreted the Hank Williams songbook after his death. Anita Carter, one the daughters of Mother Maybelle Carter, was still working wish her mother and sisters when they joined Columbia in 1953. Hank’s original of ”There’ll Be No Teardrops Tonight” was buried on the flipside of “Mind Your Own Business.” Columbia framed Anita’s version with a string section, surely one of the first experiments in blending hillbilly instrumentation with strings.
Marty Robbins’ first number one hit, “I’ll Go On Alone,” shared the top slot with the last record that Hank Williams released during his lifetime, “I’ll Never Get Out Of This World Alive.” Marty revived “Long Gone Lonesome Blues” in September 1955, when some of the twitchy energy of rockabilly was creeping into country music. In January 1957, he cut his first 12-inch album (in a shade under two hours!); among the songs was a bristling revival of “Moanin’ The Blues.”
Marijohn Wilkin is best known us a songwriter (“Long Black Veil” etc.), but in 1960 she still held fast to the notion of making it as a singer. Her reading of “Cold, Cold Heart” owns more to Tony Bennett’s recording of the song than Hank’s original.
We close with Johnny Cash, an artist whose stunning originality and top rank songwriting skills made him the first serious challenger for Williams’ crown. In February 1960, Cash was recording some of his favorite hits by others for a collection called ‘Now, There Was A Song,”al so notable as the first occasion on which he employed standard country instrumentation. Cash’s inevitable nod to Hank Williams was “I’m So Lonesome I Could Cry,” a song that echoed the feel he strove for in his own writing.
Those who knew him say Hank Williams was resolute about keeping what he considered his best material for himself, but what we find in his custom-written songs are not so much rejects as songs that didn’t fit his needs at the time. As an added fillip, there are five songs here that haven’t even surfaced in demo form by Hank. They highlight a collection that illuminates one more corner of Hank Williams’ brief, incendiary career.
—COLIN ESCOTT
July 1991

Tracks:

1. Molly O'Day & The Cumberland Mountain Folks-When God Comes And Gather His Jewels
2. Molly O'Day & The Cumberland Mountain Folks-On The Evening Train
3. Roy Acuff & His Smokey Mountain Boys-I Saw The Light
4. Molly O'Day & The Cumberland Mountain Folks-I Don't Care If Tomorrow Never Comes
5. Curley Williams & His Georgia Peach Pickers-No, Not Now
6. Carl Smith-There's Nothing As Sweet As My Baby
7. Curley Williams & His Georgia Peach Pickers-Honey Do You Love Me, Huh
8. George Morgan-A Stranger In The Night
9. Carl Smith-Me And My Broken Heart
10. Ray Price-Weary Blues From Waiting
11. "Little" Jimmy Dickens-I Wish You Didn't Love Me So Much
12. Ray Price-I Lost The Only Love I Knew
13. Curley Williams & His Georgia Peach Pickers-When You're Tired Of Breaking Others Hearts
14. Ray Price-I Can't Escape From You
15. Anita Carter-There'll Be No Teardrops Tonight
16. Marty Robbins-Long Gone Lonesome Blues
17. "Little" Jimmy Dickens-I Can't Help It (If I'm Still In Love With You)
18. Marty Robbins-Moanin' The Blues
19. Marijohn Wilkin & The Jacks-Cold Cold Heart
20. Johnny Cash-I'm So Lonesome I Could Cry

BILL BOYD'S Cowboy Ramblers

Saturday, February 1, 2014


This beautiful gatefold 2 LP set was released on RCA's series of historic Bluebird reissues in 1975. An early example of the kind of dedicated treatment such collections would come to receive in the CD era, it features 32 of Bill Boyd's classic sides 1934-1950, as well as recording dates, session details, and detailed notes as follows:

BILL BOYD’S COWBOY RAMBLERS
THE MUSIC
Mention “Western Swing” to a Country Music buff and certain thought patterns emerge—The Southwest, hardwood dance floors, the hanging smoke fog, and good spirits in one form or another. Occasionally a few fists would fly, too, but this need not be surprising when one considers the setting.
As a Country Music sub-genre, Western Swing was the Southwest’s response to the big dance band. This music evolved in Texas during the mid-1930s as an outgrowth of the rural fiddle bands, but was also heavily influenced by other musical forms such as the jazz bands, “pop” orchestras and neighboring Mexican ensembles. Two or three-piece fiddle bands had long been in use for dances in smaller environs, such as at “house parties” in rural homes. But the larger dance halls required a heavier, louder sound and the Western Swing band fulfilled this need through the addition of rhythm instruments such as piano, banjo and drums. Amplified steel and standard guitars also joined the fray and even horns occasionally. Such bands were naturally attractive to the thousands of urbanized, ex-rural folk who hungered to dance to an acceptable sound not totally divorced from the one they recalled “back down home.”
The use of “Western Swing” as accepted definition for this blending of rural hillbilly music with other elements didn’t occur for more than a decade after the music’s inception. Some interim descriptive attempts in trade circles included “Novelty Hot Dance,”“Old Time Singing and Playing” and “Hot String Band.” A 1939 Bluebird Record Catalog of “Old Familiar Tunes” spotlighted such recordings as “Of Special Interest to Coin Operators,” for the coin-operated jukebox’s impact on record sales had become significant and the jukebox was now a permanent fixture in cafes and restaurants. More important, however, it had also assumed a role as THE dance band at some establishments where the expense of providing live dance music was prohibitive. Thus, recordings by Western Swing bands were sought after by jukebox operators, particularly in the Southwestern states.
By July, 1941, an issue of Victor Record Review was approaching a final definition of this musical style when it used a subject heading of “Texas Swing” in listing the latest Bluebird label releases by various Texas and Louisiana groups. Finally, in 1946, Spade Cooley was dubbed with the title “King of Western Swing.” Spade’s fancy arrangements and unusual instrumentation, even including classical harp, had met with great success in California, where he headquartered, and earned him this nickname in a contest held by The Boots and Saddle Club. Thus the appellation, “Western Swing,” gradually became popularly used to describe the musical sound created by these larger Country-oriented dance bands.
While its debt to other musical styles, particularly jazz, can’t be minimized, Western Swing had to retain sufficient rural Country flavor to be accepted by the folk. This was not all that restrictive, however, for the style of musical output would still vary from one Western Swing band to another. Milton Brown’s Musical Brownies for example, achieved great success in recording without the use of horns. Bob Wills’ Texas Playboys, on the other hand, employed horns successfully on many recordings. The sheer size of the Wills band in the pre-War years enabled it to vary its sound from Country to Swing or Jazz even in the middle of a single performance. But the Wills band could and did continue to perform the Country sounds, too, which allowed it to retain that base or rural support despite its occasional forays into non- Country idioms. Another top flight group which had no fear of losing the support of loyal, Country fans was the Cowboy Ramblers. Led by Bill Boyd, with able assistance from younger brother Jim, this band’s output was primarily an all-string Western Swing repertory from beginning to end, with horns or drums used sparingly.
THE BOYDS
William Lemuel (Bill) Boyd was born September 29, 1910, in Fannin County, Texas and Jim’s arrival came four years later on September 28, 1914. Their parents, Lem Boyd and the former Molly Jared, were natives of the middle Tennessee town of Cookeville (Putnam County), where their ancestors, William Boyd and William Jared, had settled their families after having served in the Revolutionary War under General Washington.
Lem Boyd chose to join the migration westward in August, 1902. Texas was chosen as a destination when he heard rumors of more potential for money there. The family initially settled near Whitewright (Grayson County), but moved to nearby Fannin County in late 1903 where they established a 320-acre cattle ranch/cotton farm four miles southwest of Ladonia.
With thirteen children in the family, the Boyd Ranch was operated mostly by family members although some hired help was necessary, especially at harvest time. Chores for Bill and Jim weren’t unlike those encountered by other farm boys, including laborious hoeing and picking in the cotton fields, riding, roping and a host of other duties. Thus to brand Bill and Jim as drugstore cowboys would be inappropriate as they were indeed the real thing.
Music surrounded the Boyd children on the ranch. Lem Boyd was a tenor singer and Molly often sang old ballads to the family. Old phonograph records were present as was the battery-powered radio. Then there were hired hands on the ranch who, at day’s end, would often play and sing western songs. True to form, Bill obtained a mail order guitar and in due time was performing alongside the ranch bands.
In 1926, Bill and Jim, along with two rural neighbors, Howard and Bill Staley, were invited to perform on Greenville radio station KFPM. No money was involved in their radio debut, but they came away convinced that guitar pickin’ was a preferable career to cotton pickin’! Despite their radio debut, however, work on the farm had to continue and their responsibilities became even heavier due to the death of their father that same year.
By 1929, farming had become less lucrative and the family decided to lease the farm and move to Dallas and sample city life. Bill had completed his schooling and, along with other family members, sought employment to make ends meet. Jim enrolled at Dallas Technical High School where he met Audrey (Art) Davis for the first time. As classmates, they performed in the school band; Art on clarinet and Jim on guitar. Art was also becoming proficient on fiddle and mandolin which prompted Jim and Art to volunteer their musical services (in “down home style”) for school assembly programs. The first Cowboy Ramblers band was thus taking shape.
Due to job scarcity and tight money in general, Bill was forced to accept any employment opportunity that came along and labored in positions ranging from department store delivery boy to roofer. His longing for a musical career had not waned, however, and he continued to cast an eye in this direction.
A big turning point for Bill came when he and two friends, O. P. Alexander and Red Stevens, auditioned for station WFAA and were hired for an early morning show. Dubbing themselves “Alexander’s Daybreakers,” Bill performed on guitar and sang, O. P. blew harmonica and Red tickled the mandolin strings. Audience response was sufficient to keep the show on the air for two years whereupon, in 1932, the Cowboy Ramblers were formed. WRR then became base of operations for Bill, and for Jim, too, as one of the Ramblers’ charter members.
The musical careers of both Boyds were now on the upswing. Bill continued to front the Cowboy Ramblers on WRR for more than two decades. Except for a tour of duty with the Light Crust Doughboys band in 1938-1939, Jim remained a member, too, and would assume leadership responsibilities when Bill was away on other business, such as personal appearance tours. Jim also recorded for RCA during 1949-1951 with his own band, The Men of the West. Here Jim vocalizes on Wah Hoo and I’ve Got Those Oklahoma Blues and sings in duet with Bill on I’m Gonna Hop Off the Train (their first recording), Going Back to My Texas Home and I’ve Got the Blues for Mammy. Bill solos on The Strawberry Roan, The Windswept Desert (Desert Blues), Mama Don’t Like No Music, Fan It, Singing and Swinging for Me and teams with Curly Perrin on ‘Way Out There. Curly performs the vocal on Guess Who’s in Town.
Hollywood’s motion picture industry beckoned Bill in the early 1940s. His manager at the time was Jack Adams who was, also, a motion picture distributor and a PRC (Producers Releasing Corporation) franchise holder. With Bill’s recordings achieving wide success, Jack convinced PRC that movies with Bill in a starring role would have box office potential. This effort by Adams resulted in six movies by Bill for PRC: “Texas Manhunt,”“Raiders of the West,”“Rolling Down the Great Divide,”“Tumbleweed Trail,”“Prairie Pals,” and “Along the Sundown Trail.” Jim played a leading role, too, in “Tumbleweed Trail” and starred in the Astor Pictures production “Saturday Night Square Dance.”
Interestingly, younger brothers John and Clyde Boyd also journeyed into music. John picks on steel guitar on several Ramblers’ recordings, including the versions of Boyd’s Tin Roof Blues and Spanish Fandango heard in this set. In addition, he also formed his own band, The Southerners, and completed a recording session with them in 1937. John met an untimely death in a motorcycle accident in 1942.
Clyde, while not a participant in the Ramblers’ recordings, did become teacher of guitar and, at this writing, manages the Boyd School of Guitar in Dallas which has been in operation for over 40 years since its founding by Bill in the early 1930s.
By the mid-1950s the musical airwaves were fast becoming sole property of the platter-spinning deejays, resulting in the demise of live musical programming on the local station level. This also signaled an end to the Cowboy Ramblers and forced Bill and Jim to join the deejay crowd. Bill continued to perform in this capacity until his retirement two years ago and Jim still spins the discs today on a part-time basis, though laboring full time as a housing contractor.
THE BAND—ITS RECORDINGS AND SIDEMEN
The bleak Depression year of 1932 witnessed the formation of the first Cowboy Ramblers band on radio station WRR. The band was comprised of Bill and Jim Boyd on guitars, Art Davis on fiddle and Walter Kirkes on 4-string banjo. The band members, other than Bill, were actually WRR stall musicians and, as such, derived their income from the station. Bill would purchase the necessary time for his daily program from the station, which included talent costs, and would then sell the program to local sponsors. As staff musicians, the band members would also perform on similar musical programs throughout the broadcast day, such as Roy Newman’s “Noon Hour Varieties.” For Bill’s personal appearances requiring a band’s presence, such as at fair dates away from Dallas, he would resort to a “pick-up” band of musicians desiring such work. Most recording sessions required the augmentation of his radio group with musicians from the Light Crust Doughboys and/or other bands in order to achieve a fuller sound. Since this meant using some non-WRR personnel, their recordings would vary from the music heard on their WRR radio programs.
Despite the success of Bill’s recordings with jukebox dancers, live dance dates for Bill and the Ramblers were rare. Bill’s prime interests were in his daily radio shows, fair and theater dates, plus his recordings. His narrowed activities made some sense, for to play dance dates would have meant further augmentation of his radio band or else the formation of new “pick-up” bands. Though plenty of musicians were available for such duty, it was felt that any potential gain was not worth the problems involved.
The Ramblers’ recording career was launched as a result of the interest of a district manager for Victor Records who had heard the band perform and recommended them for a recording contract in 1934. This marked the beginning of a relationship that spanned seventeen years. All of their records were issued on Victor’s Bluebird label prior to 1946 with subsequent releases appearing on RCA Victor.
For their initial recording session in San Antonio’s Texas Hotel on August 7, 1934, the Ramblers were basically a four-piece fiddle band. Performances were mostly western-flavored selections, such as The Strawberry Roan (heard herein), or fiddle instrumentals like The Lost Wagon (actually Soldier’s Joy) and The Ramblers’ Rag, also presented here. Personnel in the band consisted of the same foursome that comprised the original 1932 group.
The band’s movement toward Western Swing was apparent by the second recording session in January, 1935, also at San Antonio’s Texas Hotel, when the band, enlarged by one to include piano, recorded varied selections ranging from Handy’s St. Louis Blues to Wagner’s Under the Double Eagle, not to mention eight other selections from diverse sources. Such song borrowing from other musical traditions continued for their remaining sessions of the 1930s,
A later session in August, 1935, marked the addition of another guitar for heavier rhythm and in February, 1936, the Ramblers recorded with their first amplified instrument. This was the steel guitar of Wilson “Lefty” Perkins, played in Bob Dunn’s trumpet-emulating style. Dunn pioneered in steel guitar amplification and made the first such recordings with his crude contraption in 1935 as a member of Milton Brown’s Musical Brownies.
Recording for their fifth time in October, 1936, a second fiddle was added and the band now numbered seven. By the March, 1937, session an eighth instrument came aboard in the form of a clarinetist plucked from the Musicians’ Union rolls expressly for the session. The band’s size finally peaked at ten for the sessions of September, 1937, in Dallas and April, 1938, in San Antonio.
The Ramblers’ 1940s and 1950s recordings stressed the newer songs, including some of their own composition. The band maintained a Western Swing flavor, however, except for a New York session in June, 1945, which utilized New York musicians who had little or no feel for the western style.
Fortunately, Bill’s other sessions throughout the years featured musicians who indeed were capable of injecting true enthusiasm into their playing. It, therefore, seems fitting that some of these featured instrumentalists on fiddle, piano and steel guitar be singled out for their contributions to this set.
Jesse Ashlock (fiddle): Initially a breakdown fiddler in his native Texas style, Jesse developed into a top Western Swing fiddler by learning “licks” directly from Cecil Brower, Clifford Gross and others. He also admired the recordings of jazz violinist Joe Venuti and learned from them. Jesse’s fiddle comes to life here on Saturday Night Rag, a tune he learned directly from Kentucky fiddler Clifford Gross when Gross was a member of the Light Crust Doughboys in Fort Worth. He, likewise, performs on Goofus and sings on River Blues, better known as Ready for the River. Jesse’s tenure with the Cowboy Ramblers and WRR was brief, but his efforts on Bob Wills’ recordings of the ‘30s and ‘40s are numerous.
Cecil Brower (fiddle): No ordinary fiddler by any means, the late Cecil Brower studied music and violin at Texas Christian University but, except for stints with the Dallas Symphony Orchestra and with Ted Fio Rito, he chose fancy fiddlin’ over violin playing. Cecil was prominent on all of Milton Brown’s recordings and did some sessions with the Light Crust Doughboys and Bob Wills, as well as with Bill Boyd. Here he performs on Draggin’ It Around (Draggin’ the Bow), Beaumont Rag and What’s the Use. He had his own band in Odessa, Texas In the late 1940s and was on network TV during the mid-1950s as a member of Bill Wimberly’s band on “Ozark Jubilee.” In the early 1960s he performed on ABC-TV’s “Jimmy Dean Show” and later worked on various recording sessions in Nashville.
Art Davis (fiddle): Art studied music during his high school days and played clarinet, fiddle and mandolin. Both Bill Boyd’s first and last recording sessions featured Art on fiddle. An examination of The Ramblers’ Rag, Barn Dance Rag and Lone Star Rag will reveal his fine artistry. He also doubled on mandolin on
some early cuts, such as Barn Dance Rag and sings here on I Can’t Tame Wild Women. Art acted and performed musically in a number of B-Western movies with Gene Autry for Republic Pictures and with Bill “Cowboy Rambler” Boyd for PRC. He had a starring role in various films, too, including “The Masked Phantom” and “Texas Marshall.” Art fronted his own band, The Rhythm Riders, for several years after World War II.
Carroll Hubbard and Kenneth Pitts (twin fiddles): The tightly- knit fiddle harmony of these two artists on New Spanish Two-Step, La Golondrina and Spanish Fandango can easily project one’s thoughts to Mexico’s mariachi sounds, one of the many Western Swing influences. Both Hubbard and Pitts can comfortably perform in wide areas of the musical spectrum.
Carroll studied at the Fort Worth Conservatory of Music and later at the Guild Hall School in London while in military service during World War II. However, he always enjoyed Country Music and joined the Light Crust Doughboys after the War. At this writing he performs with a three-piece Country group at a Dallas night spot and, also, turns violinist (continental-style) for special occasions, such as wedding receptions.
Kenneth was performing as a self-educated musician on his 1930s sessions with the Light Crust Doughboys and Bill Boyd, but later, in 1953, acquired a master’s degree in Music Education. His diverse background includes a tenure with the opera in Fort Worth and service as music director for radio station WRAP for several years. He teaches music today and is musically active in the church he attends.
John W, “Knocky” Parker (piano): Western Swing served “Knocky” well as both a training ground for performance and springboard to success as a jazz pianist. During his tenure with the Light Crust Doughboys, he became fascinated with Doughboys banjoist Marvin Montgomery’s slurring chords and found them adaptable to his piano playing. (Marvin, incidentally, can be heard supplying his fine banjo back-up on various selections here. Please consult the discography.) “Knocky” has since described his piano playing as “distinctly Marvinesque.” He augmented the Ramblers on several recording sessions and shines here on Joe Sullivan’s Mill Blues (Gin Mill Blues), which he also recorded with the Light Crust Doughboys one month after the Boyd session. Today, “Knocky” is a University teacher of English, but continues to perform and lecture at jazz concerts.
Wilson “Lefty” Perkins (steel guitar): As the nickname implies, Perkins performs lefthanded on steel. The strings, however, are not reversed and remain in a righthand performing position. “Lefty” came to Fort Worth from Denison, Texas, and “made the rounds” with various bands, including the Cowboy Ramblers, Universal Cowboys, Light Crust Doughboys and the Musical Brownies under Durwood Brown’s leadership. “Lefty” had a high regard for Bob Dunn’s steel playing and performed with Bob on twin steels as a member of Major Kord’s Hi Flyers in Eagle Pass, Texas, on “Rancho Grande Roundup” in 1937-1938. His arrangement of New Steel Guitar Rag was a best-seller for the Cowboy Ramblers. “Lefty” continues to be musically active in the Fort Worth-Dallas area.
Andrew Schroder (steel guitar): Andy came to Fort Worth via Corsicana where he had performed as a Hawaiian guitarist. He switched to amplified steel and became a member of the Hi Flyers who were being re-organized in preparation for their move to KOMA in Oklahoma City. As a stage band on KOMA from 1939-1941, they also performed under other names, including The Bell Boys. Andy became a Cowboy Rambler in the mid-’40s and has written or co-written several steel guitar tunes, including Roadside Rag and New Fort Worth Rag, the latter spotlighted here.
* * *
Bill Boyd and the Cowboy Ramblers arc consistently ranked among the top four Western Swing recording bands by aficionados of that performance style. Bill’s knack in surrounding himself with top flight musicians for his recording sessions is noteworthy. The fact that an augmented band could perform with so much cohesion, especially on instrumentals, is amazing. Many of their instrumentals, including New Spanish Two-Step, Under the Double Eagle and others, have sold so well over the years that Bill has been referred to as “King of the Instrumentals.” It’s certainly in this area that the Ramblers’ recordings achieved marked success.
The days of the Cowboy Ramblers are over. But great music remains preserved in the grooves of their many recordings. This band cut 229 sides during their years with RCA and it’s a tribute to their fine musicianship that over 99%, or 227, were chosen for release.
Bob Pinson
COUNTRY Music Foundation
Nashville, Tennessee


The download folder includes jacket and label scans.

Tracks:

1. I'm Gonna Hop Off The Train
2. The Rambler's Rag
3. The Strawberry Roan
4. The Windswept Desert
5. Going Back To My Texas Home
6. Mama Don't Like No Music
7. Under The Double Eagle
8. Barn Dance Rag
9. I Can't Tame Wild Women
10. Wah Hoo
11. River Blues
12. Goofus
13. Saturday Night Rag
14. Fan It
15. 'Way Out There
16. Draggin' It Around
17. You Shall Be Free Monah
18. Guess Who's In Town
19. Beaumont Rag
20. What's The Use
21. New Steel Guitar Rag
22. Boyd's Tin Roof Blues
23. I've Got Those Oklahoma Blues
24. New Spanish Two-Step
25. Spanish Fandango
26. Singing & Swinging For Me
27. La Golondrina
28. I've Got The Blues For Mammy
29. Mill Blues
30. New Fort Worth Rag
31. Lone Star Rag
32. Domino Rag